When Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis-Salaam appeared in the royal court of Nimrood, the afore-mentioned dialogue and Manazra took place between him and Nimrood which has been briefly mentioned by Allah Almighty in the Noble Quran. Nimrood had claimed the office of deity of worship in the vanity of his power and kingship as Allah Almighty says concerning Pharaoh:
And proclaimed: I (Pharaoh) am your lord the highest (79:24)
Thus, even this age of light and knowledge, that tradition of king-worship is still in practice as the people of Japan considered their king to be their god and the deity of worship and the Hindus adored Raja Raam Chander Jee the son of Raja Jasrath of the Ajdhjiya. Whence people of ancient and dark ages had not heard the Name of Allah the Only Deity of Worship with Partner, worshiping a king appeared to have some motivation and the craze and the melancholia of being a god used to fully occupy the heart of a king because of his personal human weaknesses and because of the undue and excess flattering of the people and the king used to think this that he was really the sustainer and creator lord of the people and this overwhelming thought had occupied the mind of some silly persons. That is why some people claim the office of prophecy and Messengerhood on the basis of the haughtiness they have just because of a little aptitude in knowledge and flow in writing. Since the matter of self-conceit has been stuffed into the Nafs of every person naturally and he starts beating the drum of 'I am your lord the highest' (79:24) like Pharaoh as Maulana Room Rahmatu-Allahe Ta-aala Alaihe says:
I myself saw a person who was totally ignorant like an animal to ride and was blind by Inward. He introduced himself as Imaam Mehdi and the Ghaus of Time because some stupid people acknowledged his claim and gave him too much respect and honor. One day, I asked him 'for God's sake tell me if you have ever seen, in Inward or Outward, a Jinn, angel, spirit or at least the Satan in your entire life'. Since he was blind, therefore, he said 'I am Mast and unconscious about me, therefore, although nothing is seen by me but since I am everything, sooner all will be seen by me'.
Madness and melancholia of this kind is a natural disease in man and this disease breaks within him. Therefore, many people, with Inwardly empty hands, helpless and vain; often claim such kinds of absurd claims and since there is no shortage of stupid persons in the world, they declare themselves at least something extraordinary. Allah Almighty forbids against such Self-conceit and self-conceit.
Allah Almighty says: therefore ascribe not purity unto yourselves. He is the best aware of him who wards off (evil) (53:32)
Hence, self-conceit is a grave Kufr. Nimrood also claimed to be god. He was really fallen in whim that all that which was going on in the world, it was being done under his command although he was uninformed about these things. Therefore, in the intoxication of this arrogance, he said to Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis-Salaam that 'I am, but, Lord, mentor and god of all of my people but why do you not admit my lordship. Let me know who else is your Lord other than me?' Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis-Salaam said that 'My Lord is Him who gives birth to people and causes them death'. Nimrood said 'I am the one who, gives life and causes death'. Here at this point, all the People of Tafaseer have given this poor paraphrase that Nimrood put forth this argumentum in favor of his claim of giving life and causing death to people that he killed a living person and left him alive, who deserved to be killed in order to prove him alive. Nevertheless, there is a huge difference in Allah's giving life and causing death and Nimrood's excuse of killing and reviving. Further Messenger's considering this false excuse and the imperfect argumentum acceptable and keeping silent and choosing another argument of sun, appears to be an open defeat and weakness of a resolute Messenger (of Allah) that Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis-Salaam chose the way of retreat finding Nimrood's first bogus answer strong and incontestable and gave a second argument that his Lord 'causes the sun to rise in the East, so do you cause it come up from the West' and Nimrood could not answer and contest this argument, although, there was no reason that Nimrood should have kept quiet without a counter.
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